The Nobel Prize is a prestigious international award given to those who have made an outstanding contribution in the field of economics, literature, peace, physics, physiology or medicine, and chemistry.
Since 1901, the ceremony has been presented annually by the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences (Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien) and has always received a lot of attention.
At Aurum, we love seeing these smart and successful individuals get the recognition they deserve. The 2021 Nobel Prize winners were announced throughout the week starting on Monday 4th October. So let’s look at who the 2021’s awardees of this prestigious prize are!
The Complete 2021 Nobel Prize Winners List
Since its inception in 1901, the Nobel Prize has been awarded in five different categories. In 1969, a new category, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences, was added in honor of Alfred Nobel.
Here’s a rundown of the 2021 Nobel Prize winners, followed by the full list with more information on each awardee.
- The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Benjamin List and David MacMillan. Official press release.
- The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian. Official press release.
- The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann, and Giorgio Parisi. Official press release.
- The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was awarded David Card, Joshua Angrist, and Guido Imbens. Official press release.
- The Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Abdulrazak Gurnah. Official press release.
- The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov. Official press release.
Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences 2021 – Winners: David Card, Joshua Angrist and Guido W. Imbens
David Card, Joshua Angrist and Guido W. Imbens received the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics thanks to their work on analysing causal relationships.
David Edward Card is a professor of economics at Berkeley, as well as a labor economist. He has done research on education, immigration, inequality, and job training. Most of his work focuses on a comparison between the US and Canada in a variety of scenarios. According to Card’s research, new immigrants have little impact on the country’s economy. He studied the effect of immigrants’ rapid assimilation and found that wages aren’t affected at all.
Card’s work is frequently cited to support policies on increased immigration and higher minimum wages.
Joshua David Angrist is an economist and Ford Professor of Economics at MIT. He is one of the top economists in urban economics, labor economics, and the economics of education. Furthermore, he is known for studying the impact of public policies and changes in social or economic circumstances. Joshua co-founded MIT’s School Effectiveness & Inequality Initiative. This initiative looks into the relationship between human capital and income inequality in the United States.
There are many areas of research that Angrist is interested in, including the impact of immigration, social programs, and the job market.
Guido Wilhelmus Imbens is a famous economist and a Professor of Economics at the Stanford Graduate School of Business at Stanford University. Imbens, Joshua Angrist, Alan Krueger, and other economists have been working on creating frameworks and methodologies that assist economists in using real-life scenarios to test real-life theories.
Guido’s causal relationship frameworks have been used in many fields, such as social and biomedical sciences. His work has helped many researchers comprehend the limitations of real-world experiments and the impacts of experimental data-based initiatives. Researchers have used Guido’s framework to study the impact of new economic activity regulations and the effectiveness of new drugs on patients.
Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2021 – Winners: Benjamin List and David MacMillan
Benjamin List and David MacMillan created organocatalysis, a technique that aids in the catalysis of asymmetric molecule production. Their invention has simplified the process of building molecular structures.
Furthermore, organocatalysis has had a significant impact on pharmaceutical research and drug manufacturing, and it has made chemistry more environmentally friendly.
Benjamin List is a German chemist and professor of organic chemistry at the University of Cologne. He is the great-grandson of the cardiologist Franz Volhard as well as a 2nd great-grandson of the chemist Jacob Volhard. Moreover, List is 1995 Nobel laureate in medicine Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard’s nephew.
List discovered asymmetric catalysis, a phenomenon where a chiral catalyst directs the formation of a chiral compound. Amongst his researches, he created new approaches to textile organic catalysis that involve the binding of both soluble and textile organic catalysts.
These techniques could aid in the treatment of water in areas where people have no access to it. Asymmetric organocatalysis is particularly useful when working with bioactive organic compounds. This is due to their importance in drug production, where chirality is critical.
David William Cross MacMillan is a Scottish chemist and a Professor of Chemistry at Princeton University. His postdoctoral studies focused on enantioselective catalysis, with an emphasis on Sn(II)-derived bisoxazoline complexes.
He is regarded as one of the creators of organocatalysis. In 2000, David developed tiny organic molecules that can either provide or accept electrons, allowing them to effectively catalyze reactions. MacMillan’s research group has made significant progress when it comes to asymmetric organocatalysis. These new methods have been applied to the synthesis of a variety of complex natural products.
If you want to learn more about Benjamin List and David MacMillan, contact Aurum Speakers Bureau to inquire about booking them for a speaking engagement.
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2021 – Winners: David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian
David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine thanks to their discoveries of receptors for temperature and touch. This has led to intensive research on understanding how our nervous system detects cold, heat, and mechanical stimuli.
David Jay Julius is an American physiologist, and a professor at the University of California. He is best known for his research into the molecular mechanisms of pain and heat sensation. His work has included the characterization of the TRPV1 and TRPM8 receptors.
In 1997, Julius’s laboratory cloned the TRPV1 receptor, which is the receptor that senses capsaicin. This is the chemical found in chili peppers, and that gives them their “hot” characteristic. The lab discovered that TRPV1 is also capable of detecting noxious heat.
In addition, Julius’s laboratory has cloned the TRPM8 and TRPA1, both of which are members of the TRP superfamily. In their experiments, they proved that TRPM8 senses menthol as well as cooler temperatures. TRPA1, on the other hand, senses mustard oil. Furthermore, David Julius’s lab has made significant contributions to the study of nociception.
Ardem Patapoutian is an American neuroscientist, molecular biologist and a neuroscience professor at Scripps Research in La Jolla, California. He became popular thanks to his characterization of the PIEZO1, PIEZO2, and TRPM8. These receptors sense menthol, pressure, and temperature.
Patapoutian’s study focuses on the biological receptors that respond to touch and temperature (nociception). As a result of this research, new treatments for a variety of diseases, such as chronic pain, are being developed. Understanding how nerve impulses are triggered by cold, heat, and mechanical forces was made possible as a result of these breakthroughs.
Additionally, Patapoutian’s work has contributed significantly to the discovery of new ion channels and receptors that are stimulated by mechanical forces, temperature, or an increase in cell volume.
These ion channels play a big part in a variety of sensory perceptions such as temperature feeling, the feeling of touch, and the feeling of pain.
Contact Aurum Speakers Bureau to inquire about booking David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for a speaking engagement.
Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 – Winners: Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann, and Giorgio Parisi
Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann, and Giorgio Parisi received the Nobel Prize in Physics thanks to their amazing work on “physical modeling of earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming.”
Syukuro “Suki” Manabe is a meteorologist and climatologist. He became famous for utilizing computers to simulate natural climate variations and global climate change. Manabe worked with Richard T. Wetherald in 1967 to create a one-dimensional model of the atmosphere.
They discovered that as CO2 concentration changes, the temperature fluctuates at the surface and in the troposphere, but not in the stratosphere. In 1969, Manabe collaborated with Kirk Bryan and published the first climate simulations using coupled ocean-atmosphere models. These models were used to study the climate’s time-dependent response to changing atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Furthermore, the model was used to investigate past climate changes, specifically the one seen in the paleoclimatic record.
Klaus Ferdinand Hasselmann is a German climate modeler and oceanographer. He is also the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology’s former Director and the Professor Emeritus at the University of Hamburg.
Klaus is famous for being the creator of the Hasselmann model of climate variability. In this model, a system with a long memory integrates stochastic forcing, which turns a white-noise signal into a red-noise signal. This model is used to explain the red-noise signals seen in the climate. Hasselmann has written papers on stochastic processes, climate dynamics, remote sensing, ocean waves, and integrated assessment studies.
Giorgio Parisi is an Italian theoretical physicist. He became popular with his studies on statistical mechanics, quantum field theory, and complex systems. He is especially famous for his collaboration with Guido Altarelli on the QCD evolution equations for parton densities. Parisi’s research covers a wide variety of subjects, including field theory, statistical physics, and mathematical physics. Moreover, he has worked in elementary particle physics, with an emphasis on string theory and quantum chromodynamics.
He is also credited with co-inventing multifractal models to explain the phenomenon of intermittence in turbulent flows. Furthermore, he developed the Kardar–Parisi–Zhang equation to model stochastic aggregation. Together with other Italian physicists, Parisi created the concept of stochastic resonance in climate change research.
Learn about Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann, and Giorgio Parisi and contact Aurum Speakers Bureau to inquire about booking them for a speaking engagement.
Nobel Prize in Literature 2021 – Winner: Abdulrazak Gurnah
Abdulrazak Gurnah won the Nobel Prize in Literature thanks to his in-depth examination of colonialism’s impact and the destiny of refugees across cultures and continents. Abdulrazak Gurnah was born in the Sultanate of Zanzibar and fled to the United Kingdom in the 1960s as a refugee.
Gurnah is famous for his novels on refugee disruption. He has used writing to express his experience as a refugee and the feelings of alienation and loneliness that come with emigration.
Learn about Abdulrazak Gurnah and contact Aurum Speakers Bureau to inquire about booking him for a speaking engagement.
Nobel Peace Prize 2021 – Winners: Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov
Dmitry Muratov and Maria Ressa received the Nobel Peace Prize for their dedication to protecting the right to express freely. Maria Ressa has been on a mission to expose the abuse of violence and power in her native Philippines and continues to do so to date. While Dmitry Andreyevich Muratov has been fighting for Russian freedom of speech under difficult circumstances for quite a number of years.
Contact Aurum Speakers Bureau to inquire about booking Dmitry Muratov and Maria Ressa for a speaking engagement.
Aurum Speakers Bureau’s Nobel Laureates Portfolio
The Nobel Prize is the most prestigious award that the world’s most brilliant thinkers can receive. At Aurum, we are proud to work with a diverse range of speakers who are highly respected for their profound insight, expertise, and compelling stories.
If you are looking to make your event a complete success while adding authority and credibility, look through our impressive Nobel Prize speakers portfolio. Please do not hesitate to contact us if you have any questions!